Technicians are technologists at the grass-root level. In a technologically advanced & dependant world, technicians play a very important role. No process or product can be complete without the presence of a technician to oversee & handle it. There are numerous Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) spread across the country which are imparting training in at least 25 different trades of one year, two years and three years duration on both full-time & part-time basis.
Technologists might sit at their desks and visualise and conceptualise but at the end of the day it is the technicians who execute all these mechanisms and techniques. The government of India too recognises the need for trained technical manpower for the technological upgradation of industrial production, services, productivity and innovation which can in turn contribute to the planned growth of the country's economy. The Delhi government for example has a “Directorate of Training and Technical Education” that plans, develops, implements, monitors and evaluates different policies related to technical/vocational education.
There are numerous Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) spread across the country which are imparting training in at least 25 different trades of one year, two years and three years duration on both full-time & part-time basis.
New Delhi, Delhi
The work of technicians has a lesser scope than engineers and scientists and is essentially application oriented. Their work involves assisting scientists, engineers or doctors in project operations, inspecting and devising products and quality control. Their work needs more skill than theoretical application. Within the field of engineering there is immense scope for technician jobs especially in aerospace engineering, civil engineering etc.
Then there are electrical and electronics technicians who help design, develop, test, and manufacture electrical and electronic and communication devices. Electromechanical technicians, environmental technicians, industrial engineering technicians, mechanics, electricians, mechanics and automobile technicians are other similar job profiles.
There are also specialized short term courses in Advanced Training Institute (ATI) which enhances the skills of candidates. ITI qualified persons can set up their own garage, motor/generator/transformer winding shops or fabrication shops depending upon trade opted. Also candidates can apply for jobs in private sector and public sectors. Government organisations like Indian Army, Navy, Airforce and also paramilitary forces like BSF, CRPF provide opportunities for ITI passed candidates of different trades. Similarly job opportunities for clinical/medical laboratory workers are also anticipated to be excellent because testing demand is growing and the demand for such technicians is more than the supply of qualified and trained professionals
Since the area of operation of technicians is mainly engineering, one has to know the principles and theories of science, engineering and mathematics. But to get dmission to an ITI one just needs to pass the 10th standard. e trade specified. The duration of course may vary from one year to three years depending upon trade opted. After completion of desired period of training the person is eligible to appear in the AITT (All India Trade Test) conducted by NCVT ( National Council for Vocational training ). After successfully passing AITT, you are awarded the National Trade Certificate (NTC) in their concerned trade by the NCVT. After passing an ITI course, one may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry for a year or two. Again the person has to appear & pass in a test to be conducted by NCVT to get the National Apprenticeship Certificate. Most of ITIs impart training in technical trades like electrician, fitter, plumber, diesel mechanic, Computer Operator & Programming Assistant (COPA), electrical mechanic, Information Technology, Mechanic Computer Hardware, Refrigeration & Air Conditioning, Turner, Welder, etc.
For laboratory technicians the basic eligibility criteria for a Bachelors in Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is 10+2 or equivalent with Science subjects or Pre- University Vocational course from a recognized Board with laboratory Technology as Vocational subject. BMLT is a 3 year course. The eligibility for a diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT) (2 year long) is to clear your 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognised university or board. There are also other certificate courses for lab technicians which needs 10+2 as the eligibility. Courses are also offered by colleges, universities as well as hospitals. Such hospitals are usually affiliated with a college or university.