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10 AUGUST 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Updated On:12-Aug-2017

CURRENT AFFAIRS: 10.08.2017

 

FREEDOM STRUGGLE

 

1.    Reignite the Spirit of Quit India Movement 1942: PM

         

·        On 75th  anniversary of the Quit India Movement ( which was launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1942), a special initiative called by P.M Narendra Modi to end poverty, illiteracy.

·        Poverty , Corruption ,illiteracy and malnutrition are the greatest challenges for India and Narendra Modi said for their eradication in next coming five years. We need to bring a positive change in this regard with the pledge of Karenge aur kar ke rahenge ( We will do & surely do).

·        Modi said , these five years (2017 to 2022) are about Sankalp se siddhi (commitment to fulfilment ).

·        He said concern over a growing sense of entitlement & a trend of forgetting one’s sense of duty & rule of law.

·        He said “ one does not feel bad or guilty for crossing a red light, nor does he feel that he has broken the law.

·        He stressed the need to create same spirit that was existed between 1942 to 1947 in the coming next five years.

·        He said from 1857 to 1942, the move towards freedom was incremental but the year from 1942 to 1947 were transformative & delivered on the objective .

·        In 1942 conditions internationally became favourable for India to get independence & today again the global conditions are favourable for India.

·        We pledge to form a powerful, prosperous, clean, glorious India which is corruption free, has good administration , is advanced in science and technology and committed to everyone’s development on the 75th anniversary of the Quit India Movement.

·        We will be dedicated to manifest the concept of a country full of harmony and nationalism, committed to protecting the values of democracy.

·        He said , the representatives of 125 crore Indians pledge we will take along the people and fulfil our duty so that in the next five years, we will create the India of the dreams of Mahatma Gandhi and other freedom fighters.

·        Congress president  Sonia Gandhi said that the Quit India resolution was moved by India’s first prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru at a meeting of the AICC ( All India Congress Committe)

 

Quit India Movement

                           

Ø The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement was a Civil Disobedience Movement launched by Gandhi for Satyagraha (independence).

Ø It was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.

Ø Gandhi made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.

Ø  It was so easy for the British to crush the Quit India Movement was because of a weak coordination and no clear cut plan of action. More over the whole movement was a leaderless one.

Ø Though despite of its flaws, the Quit India Movement remains significant because it was during this movement that the British realized that they would not be able to govern India successfully in the long run and began to think of ways they could exit the country in a peaceful and dignified manner.

Source: The Hindu

 

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

2.    ISRO plan to develop full-fledged earth observation satellite

                     

·        A hyperspectral imaging satellites (HySIS) which is a new set of future satellites is developing by ISRO, so by this development India will be seen from about 600 km in space.

·        HySIS is a full-fledged niche observation (EO) satellite which will be using a critical chip that suited requirements.

·        The new chip developed by ISRO, technically called an “optical Imaging detector array”.

·        Hyperspectral imaging is said to be an EO trend that is being experimented globally. Which is adding a new dimension to plain vanilla optical imagers.

·        It can be used for a different range of activities from monitoring the environment, crops, looking for oil and minerals, for military surveillance.

·        A decade ago, ISRO launched another EO niche with microwave or radar imaging satellites which was RISAT-1 and 2 that could see through clouds and the dark, which was an important feature useful for the military & security agency

·        HySIS is called to enable distinct identification of objects, materials or processes on earth by reading the spectrum for each pixel of a scene from space.

·        It is an important development by ISRO in its quest for better technology.

·        Very few space agencies have such type of satellite, En-MAP which is called a German environmental satellite is due to be launched on an India booster in 2018.

·        Architecture of the chip is designed by the payloads development centre, space applications centre, Ahmedabad.

 

ISRO-

 

Ø The Indian Space Research Organisation is the space agency of the Government of India.

Ø Headquarter- Bengaluru

Ø Founder- Vikram Sarabhai

Ø Founded on- 15 august 1969

Ø Motto- Space Technology in the Human Kind

Ø Director- A.S Kiran Kumar

Source: The Hindu

 

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

3.    Nepal to criminalise isolation of Women during menstruation

           

·        The parliament of Nepal has criminalised an ancient Hindu practice called chhaupadi that banishes women from the home during menstruation and after childbirth.

·        Many communities in Nepal view menstruating women as impure and in some remote areas they are forced to sleep in a hut away from home during their periods, a custom known as chhaupadi.

·        "A woman during her menstruation or post-natal state should not kept in chhaupadi or treated with any kind of similar discrimination or untouchable and inhuman behaviour."

·        Chhaupadi is linked to Hinduism and considers women untouchable when they menstruate, as well as after childbirth.

·        They are banished from the home -- barred from touching food, religious icons, cattle and men -- and forced to sleep in basic huts known as chhau goth.

·        This new law, which will come into effect in a year's time, stipulates a three-month jail sentence or a 3,000 rupee fine ($30), or both, for anyone forcing a woman to follow the custom.

·        "This law gives an open space for women to come forward if they are forced to follow the practice. It is a custom that makes women feel isolated and puts psychological pressure."

Source: The Hindu

 

SPORTS

4.    Kynan Chenai wins bronze at 7th Asian Shotgun Championship

                

·        Indian shooter Kynan Chenai won a bronze in men's trap event, his first international medal at the senior level, at the 7th Asian Shotgun Championship in Astana, Kazakhstan.

·        Kynan first shot 116 out of 125 to qualify for the six men final round in third spot and then held on to the position till the end of the finals.

·        He shot a score of 30 to finish behind gold medallist Abdulrahman Al Faihan of Kuwait, who shot 39 for a new Asian finals record and another Kuwati Talal AlRashidi, who bagged the silver with an effort of 38.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

                               QUESTIONS BASED ON

                      CURRENT AFFAIRS: 10.08.2017

 

1.     Quit India Movement in Indian Freedom Struggle was launched in which year?

 

(a)       1931

(b)      1933

(c)        1939

(d)      1942

 

2.   Headquarter of ISRO is in which city?

 

(a)       New Delhi

(b)      Chennai

(c)        Bengaluru

(d)      Kolkata

 

3.   Which of the following Indian state shares land border with Nepal?

 

(i)            Uttarakhand

(ii)         Uttar Pradesh

(iii)      Bihar

(iv)        West Bengal

(v)           Sikkim

 

(a)      I, II and III

(b)     II, IV and V

(c)       III, IV and V

(d)     All of the above

 

4.   Recently, Nepal Parliament criminalised an ancient Hindu practice that banishes women from the home during menstruation and after childbirth. This practice is called___________.

 

(a)       Chhauth

(b)      Chhaupadi

(c)        Pratha

(d)      Mukhi

 

5.    Do or Die slogan was given by which leader during India’s freedom struggle?

 

(a)       Mahatma Gandhi

(b)      Lala Lajpat Rai

(c)        Jawahar Lal Nehru

(d)      Bal Gangadhar Tilak

 

 

ANSWERS

1.     (d)

2.     (c)

3.     (d)

4.     (b)

5.     (a)






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