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10 and 11th September 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Published On:11-Sep-2017

CURRENT AFFAIRS: 10 & 11th SEPTEMBER

 

BOOKS

 

1.  The People’s President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

 

·        It was written by S.M. Khan, a senior Indian Information Service (IIS) officer.

·        SM khan also worked as the press secretary to the late APJ Abdul Kalam.

·        The book primarily captures visits of Kalam to various states in India and trips abroad in the course of his presidency.

·        The most important visit mentioned in the book is Kalam’s visit to Gujarat in 2002 in the aftermath of riots.

·        The book culminates with the author’s last poignant meeting with Dr Kalam just few days before his passing away.

                                                                                                             Source: The Hindu

 

DISEASES

 

2.  Conference puts spotlight on Down Syndrome

 

·        Down syndrome is the most common genetic condition in the world today and India has one of the highest incidences of Down syndrome. In spite of that, awareness about this condition is so low, most people tend to confuse persons with Down syndrome with other intellectual disabilities. The Down Syndrome Federation of India would like to break the myths associated with Down syndrome and help make people more aware about it and help break various taboos related to this condition.

·        Persons with Down syndrome have achieved a lot in the fields of art, sports and cultural activities. What is needed is a change in the mindsets of people. In order to do this, DSFI is proud to present the 1st India International Down Syndrome Conference in Delhi on the 9th and 10th of September 2017.

 

Down Syndrome

       

Ø It is a set of physical and mental traits caused by a gene problem that happens before birth. Children who have Down syndrome tend to have certain features, such as a flat face and a short neck. They also have some degree of intellectual disability. This varies from person to person. But in most cases it is mild to moderate.

Ø Down syndrome is a lifelong condition. But with care and support, children who have Down syndrome can grow up to have healthy, happy, productive lives.

Ø Causes

§  Down syndrome is caused by a problem with a baby's chromosomes. Normally, a person has 46 chromosomes. But most people with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes. In rare cases, other chromosome problems cause Down syndrome. Having extra or abnormal chromosomes changes the way the brain and body develop.

§  Experts don't know the exact cause, but some things increase the chance that you'll have a baby with Down syndrome. These things are called risk factors.

§  Your risk of having a baby with Down syndrome is higher if:

(i)                You are older when you get pregnant. Many doctors believe that the risk increases for women age 35 and older.

(ii)              You have a brother or sister who has Down syndrome.

(iii)            You had another baby with Down syndrome.

Ø Symptoms

 

§  Distinctive facial features, such as a flat face, small ears, slanting eyes, and a small mouth.

§  A short neck and short arms and legs.

§  Low muscle tone and loose joints. Muscle tone usually improves by late childhood.

§  Below-average intelligence.

§  Many children with Down syndrome are also born with heart, intestine, ear, or breathing problems. These health conditions often lead to other problems, such as airway (respiratory) infections or hearing loss. But most of these problems can be treated.

Ø Diagnosis

§  Screening tests, such as an ultrasound or a blood test during your first or second trimester. These can help show if the developing baby (fetus) is at risk for Down syndrome. But these tests sometimes give false-positive or false-negative results.

§  Diagnostic tests, such as chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis. These can show if a baby has Down syndrome. You may want to have these tests if you have abnormal results from a screening test or if you are worried about Down syndrome.

§  Sometimes a baby is diagnosed after birth. A doctor may have a good idea that a baby has Down syndrome based on the way the baby looks and the results of a physical exam. To make sure, the baby's blood will be tested. It may take 2 to 3 weeks to get the test results.

                                                                                                         Source: The Hindu

 

CULTURE

 

3.  First 3D Sanskrit feature film to hit festival circuit

 

·        Anurakthiwill be released in India in February 2018.

·        “It is a new-generation Sanskrit film with a contemporary theme,” maintains P.K. Asokan, who has co-produced and directed Anurakthi , which is billed to be the maiden 3D feature film in Sanskrit.

·        Anurakthi , he argues, pairs the best of both worlds — the old and the new — as a modern narrative is developed against the backdrop of the ancient Koodiyattom theatre.

·        “There’s a Koodiyattom performance as well and noted Koodiyattom artiste Kalamandalam Sivan Namboodiri essays a key character in it. It contains a strong love story and an emotional tussle born from a misunderstanding between a Koodiyattom maestro and his son,” says Asokan, who plans to take the film along the festival circuit in India and abroad.

·        The 80-minute film, shot on a frugal budget of about Rs. 28 lakh, is in ‘colloquial’ Sanskrit, with a song to boot. But its release in India will have to wait till February next.

·        Written by Sanal Machad, the 3D film has its camera handled by Anmol. Meanwhile, cinematographer Sasi Ramakrishnan has canned the film in the regular 2D format. The film was shot in and around Thrissur.

·        A team of Sanskrit teachers who are part of the collective ‘Live Sanskrit’ led by Mahesh Babu worked hard on the language of the film and has made it intelligible to everyone,” says Asokan.

                                                                                                             Source: The Hindu

 

MINORITIES

 

 

·        The Hyderabad-based transwoman activist Rachana Mudraboyina, who holds two post-graduate degrees, did not despair. Instead, she decided to launch the first YouTube channel in India conceptualised and actualised by transgender individuals.

·        The channel, according to its makers, will provide accurate and scientific socio-cultural, religious, economic and political information relevant to them. Trans-vision will produce its web series in three languages — Telugu, Kannada and Dakhni, an Urdu dialect spoken in certain parts of the Deccan Plateau, including Hyderabad.

·        The channel’s programming, which includes launch videos that were released in the first week of September, reveals a rich palette of ideas executed by transgender people. For instance, Sonia Sheikh, a dancer and acid attack survivor from Hyderabad, will run a special series. In a video already released on YouTube in collaboration with Tap Music Records and another YouTube channel called Dalit Camera, Ms. Sheikh introduced ‘Alif-Sonia’asa programme that will provide “healthy education and right information.”

·        Pilot episodes of the channel, which already has over 1,000 followers on Facebook and 261 on YouTube before its official launch on Saturday, will be relayed in Telugu, with English subtitles.

                                                                                                             Source: The Hindu

 

MIGRANTS

 

5.  Dhaka seeks solution to Rohingya crisis

 

 

·        Bangladesh, which has seen an influx of Rohingya refugees from the neighbouring Myanmar in recent days, is facing a policy predicament over how to deal with the crisis.

·        About 2,70,000 Rohingya Muslims are estimated to have entered Bangladesh in recent weeks as Myanmar security troops carry out an “anti-insurgency” operation in the Rakhine State. Many more are waiting on the borders. Prior to this, some 5,00,000 Rohingya people have already come to Bangladesh and settled in refugee camps.

·        Bangladesh’s society appears to be sharply divided over the refugee crisis. Pro-Islamist groups argue that the Rohingya Muslims are facing ethnic cleansing in Myanmar.

·        The Opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party and its Islamist allies addressed a human chain in Dhaka on Friday against the persecution of Rohingya. Another section, including the secular parties, sees it as a humanitarian problem, not a religious one. They are also alarmed by the Rohingya militancy, and believe it is supported by global Islamists, with help from Pakistan.

·        Both sides, however, urge the government to do more to address the crisis. Rohingya, who are not even granted citizenship in Myanmar, are seen as illegal immigrants.

·        Bangladesh has begun diplomatic efforts aimed at addressing the crisis, including holding talks with India and China.

·        Dhaka has also offered support to the recommendations made by a commission headed by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, which included the formation of an “international safe zone” for Rohingya under UN supervision.

·        Diplomats say Bangladesh is looking for a peaceful solution despite Myanmar’s non-reciprocity. They hope that the UN General Assembly, which will convene on September 12, may adopt a motion condemning Myanmar’s actions on the Rohingya, and put pressure on the country to take back the refugees.

                                                                                                    Source: The Hindu

 

ENVIRONMENT

 

6.  Uttarakhand plans to bring special heritage act

 

·        Seeking to preserve buildings and sites of historic, aesthetic, cultural or environmental value, the Uttarakhand government is planning to bring a special legislation to cover unprotected heritage in the state.

·        The Uttarakhand Heritage Act seeks to conserve landmarks such as the Almora Jail, where Jawaharlal Nehru was imprisoned, the colonial-era Raj Bhawan in Nainital, historic precincts and trees, groves and natural fields of environmental significance, an official said.

·        It aims at preserving and restoring heritage buildings and sites, which are not protected either by the central law of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) or any other existing government policies, she added.

·        The Directorate of Culture of the state has formulated a draft legislation and invited public suggestions on it.

·        The buildings or sites protected under the proposed act would get the "heritage" tag and development activities around them would be restricted.

·        Around 71 monuments in Uttarakhand are protected by the state government under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, while another 40-odd archaeological site are covered by the central government, through the ASI, under the same act. Among other modalities, the proposed law also envisaged a heritage authority and besides designating sites as "heritage", it would grade them according to their significance.

·        Uttarakhand has a number of ancient temples and British- era buildings. It is also one of the few states in the country which can boast of two Raj Bhawans -- one in Dehradun and one in Nainital.

                                                                                                     Source: The Hindu

 

TRIBAL ISSUES

 

7.  Data base soon on Bonda migration

 

·        The Bonda Development Agency (BDA) has started an inquiry and survey in the remote Bonda-inhabited villages in Malkangiri district of Odisha following reports that these primitive tribals are migrating to other States in search of employment and that some of their women are being sexually exploited.

·        BDA project leader Manga Panna accepted that some Bondas undertake seasonal migration after the end of the kharif season and return by Durga Puja to start agricultural work. Through the on-the-spot inquiry and enumeration, the BDA plans to prepare a proper data base about Bonda migration and realise the reasons behind it.

·        Bondas are considered to be one of most primitive tribes in the world.

·        As per an official survey in 2015, around 8,000 Bonda tribals live in 32 villages of four panchayats under Khairaput block. Their villages are located in remote and isolated hilly region north-west of the Machhkund river. Their habitat in Khairaput block is called the Bonda valley.

                                                                                                             Source: The Hindu

 

AWARDS

 

8.  Guillermo del Toro's The Shape of Water wins Venice Golden Lion

 

·        Guillermo del Toro’s monster thriller The Shape of Water has won the Venice Film Festival’s top prize, the Golden Lion.

·        A jury led by American actress Annette Bening chose the film from among 21 competing at the 74th annual festival – an edition where the world’s social divisions and the spectre of climate change resonated through many of the entries.

·        The Shape of Water beat contenders including George Clooney’s Suburbicon and Alexander Payne’s Downsizing. In a four-star review, the Guardian’s Xan Brooks described it as “stylish and charming; red meat for the senses with some sugar on top”.

·        The runner-up Grand Jury Prize on Saturday went to Israeli director Samuel Maoz’s Foxtrot.

·        Palestinian actor Kamel El Basha and British actress Charlotte Rampling took the festival’s acting trophies.

·        The world’s oldest film festival wrapped up on Saturday after 11 days that brought stars including Clooney, Matt Damon and Jennifer Lawrence to the canal-crossed Italian city.

                                                                                                     Source: The Hindu

 

 

 

 

 

                           

  QUESTIONS BASED ON

  CURRENT AFFAIRS: 10th & 11th SEPTEMBER

 

1.   Who is the author of the book, “The People’s President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam”?

 

(a)   Satyajit Roy

(b)  Chetan Bhagat

(c)    Rajkumar Shukla

(d) S.M. Khan

 

2.   1st India International Down Syndrome Conference was held at __________ on the 9th and 10th of September 2017.

 

(a)  New Delhi

(b) Jaipur

(c)   Gurugram

(d) Lucknow

 

3.   Which of the following is/are correct regarding Down Syndrome?

 

(i)          It is a set of physical and mental traits caused by a gene problem that happens before birth.

(ii)         Down syndrome is not a lifelong condition.

 

(a)   I only

(b) II only

(c)   Both I and II

(d) None of the above

 

4.   Anurakthiwill is the first 3D ___________ feature film which will be released in February 2018.

 

(a)   Marathi

(b) Sanskrit

(c)   Telegu

(d) Tamil

 

5.   Which of the following is/are correct regarding India’s first online transgender channel launched?

 

(i)          The channel, according to its makers, will provide accurate and scientific socio-cultural, religious, economic and political information relevant to them.

(ii)         Trans-vision will produce its web series in three languages — Telugu, Kannada and Dakhni, an Urdu dialect spoken in certain parts of the Deccan Plateau, including Hyderabad.

 

(a)  I only

(b) II only

(c)   Both I and II

(d) None of the above

 

 

 






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