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11th November 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Published On:11-Nov-2017

  CURRENT AFFAIRS: 11.11.2017

 

 

1. GST slashed on 178 items ahead of Gujarat elections

 

·        Now only 50 items are there in the highest tax rate slab of 28%.

·        At 23rd meeting of Goods and Services Council, the tax rate in restaurants cut to 5% (will be applicable from 15th November) and composition Scheme is expanded for small firms.

·        The tax rate is reduced on 178 of current 228 items from 28% to 18% (will come in effect from 15th November).

·        The decision of council came just before Gujarat elections which is going to be start from 9th of December.

 

Composition Scheme

 

·        It is merely an extension of the scheme under VAT law.

·        Under this scheme, a taxpayer will be required to file summarized returns on a quarterly basis, instead of three monthly returns (as applicable for normal businesses).

·        Presently the annual turnover is one crore which will be raised to 1.5 crore.

·        Businesses dealing only in goods can only opt for composition scheme.

·        Getting registered under composition scheme is optional and voluntary.

·        The rate is 1% for manufacturers, 2.5% for restaurant service providers, 0.5% for other suppliers of turnover.

                                                                                                       Source: The Hindu

 

 

2. Now, a spat over Gandhi glasses

 

·        A top official of the UN commented on India’s flagship Swachh Bharat Mission, prompting a sharp government response.

·        UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation named Leo Heller, said that the use of Gandhian symbolism should be replaced with human rights concerns to address the problem of manual scavenging.

·        Manual scavenging refers to the practice of manually cleaning, carrying, disposing or handling in any manner, human excreta from dry latrines and sewers. It often involves using the most basic of tools such as buckets, brooms and baskets.

·        According to Heller, there is inadequate attention to water supply in India.

·        According to government, since the launch of the National Rural Drinking Water Programme, Rs1,20,000 crore has been invested.

 

National Rural Drinking Water Programme

 

·        Objective: To ensure provision of safe and adequate drinking water supply through hand-pumps, piped water supply etc. to all rural areas, households and persons.

·         Launched after merging the three erstwhile programmes on Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme-ARWSP; Swajaldhara and National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance.

·        It has 6 components: NRDWP (Coverage), NRDWP (Sustainability), NRDWP (Water quality), NRDWP (DDP areas), NRDWP (Natural calamity) and NRDWP (Support).

                                                                                                  Source: The Hindu

 

 

3. Former Test Cricketer Milkha Singh Died

 

·        Former India cricketer A G Milkha Singh passed away on after a cardiac arrest at a hospital in Chennai at the age of 75.

·        He scored over 4,000 runs in first-class cricket, including of eight centuries.

                                                                                                       Source: The Hindu

 

 

4. Government offers free bus rides during odd-even scheme

 

·        Bus rides will be free in Delhi from November 13 to 17 because of the proposed dates of odd-even car rationing scheme.

·        This step is taken to reduce the pollution in Delhi.

·        The crop burning in Haryana and Punjab is being blamed as the primary reason for this sudden toxic smog enveloping the city.

·        The Air Quality Index (AQI) of the city shot up to 451 on a scale where the maximum level is 500.

·        Inhaling this air has been equated with smoking 50 cigarettes a day by doctors.

 

SMOG

 

·        It is a combination of smoke and fog, thus forming the word smog.

·        It is a complex mixture which is formed by various pollutants like nitrogen oxides and dust particles, which interacts with the sunlight to form ground-level ozone, leading to the build-up of haze that hangs in industrial cities.

·        It is caused as a result of industrial activities, vehicular traffic, open burning, incinerators, higher temperature, geography of a place, sunlight and calmer winds.

·        smog is caused in a location that is far from the source of pollution. This is because the process that leads to smog occurs after the hazardous particles have been drifted away by the wind.

·        it can cause Chest infections, Worsening of asthma/bronchitis/emphysema, Cold and eye irritation, Premature mortality, Damage to crops etc.

 

AIR QUALITY INDEX

 

·        It is an index for reporting daily air quality.

·        It tells how clean or polluted air is, and what associated health effects might be a concern.

·        It is calculated for 5 major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground-level ozone, particle pollution (also known as particulate matter), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide.

·        The higher the AQI value, the greater the level of air pollution and the greater the health concern.

·        A specific color to each AQI category to make it easier for people to understand quickly whether air pollution is reaching unhealthy levels in their communities.

 

AIR QUALITY INDEX IN INDIA

 

·        The Minister for Environment, Forests & Climate Change Shri Prakash Javadekar launched The National Air Quality Index (AQI) in New Delhi on 17 September 2014 under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

·        The initiatives undertaken by the Ministry aimed at balancing environment and conservation and development as air pollution has been a matter of environmental and health concerns, particularly in urban areas.

·        The Central Pollution Control Board along with State Pollution Control Boards has been operating National Air Monitoring Program (NAMP).

                                                                                                      Source: The Hindu

 

 

 

 

QUESTIONS BASED ON CURRENT AFFAIRS: 11.11.2017

 

1.     Now, how many items are there in the highest tax rate slab of 28%?

 

(a)  228

(b)  178

(c)   100

(d)  50

 

2.     Which of the following is/are correct regarding Composition Scheme?

 

(i)                a taxpayer will be required to file summarized returns on a half yearly basis, instead of three monthly returns.

(ii)              Businesses dealing only in goods can only opt for composition scheme. (Exception restaurant service providers).

 

(a)  I only

(b)  II only

(c)   Both I and II

(d)  None of the above

 

3.     National Rural Drinking Water Programme has how many components?

 

(a)  4

(b)  5

(c)   6

(d)  8

 

4.     Which colour represents the index value 301-500 in Air Quality Index?

 

(a)  Green

(b)  Maroon

(c)   Purple

(d)  Orange

 

5.     Smog is a combination of _______ and __________.

 

(a)  Smoke, fog

(b)  Smoke, sunlight

(c)   Moisture and pollution

(d)  Ozone and pollutants






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