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12 September 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Published On:12-Sep-2017

 CURRENT AFFAIRS: 12.09.2017

 

FRONT PAGE

 

1.    Aviation, Home Ministries spar over regulating drones

 

   

·        Recently, the Home Ministry circulated a draft law to regulate the low flying objects, for inter-ministerial consultations. The regulations were circulated more than a year after the DGCA put out draft guidelines for obtaining unique identification numbers for citizens to use drones in the public domain.

·        The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has raised a few objections over the Home Ministry’s bid to frame a new law to regulate unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), loosely referred to as drones.

·        The Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has told the Home Ministry that licensing and safety of all aircraft — manned or unmanned — was their domain.

·        In April 2016, the DGCA had proposed detailed guidelines for civilian use of drones.

·        The DGCA had proposed that drone users would have to obtain its permission and get a unique identification number for each drone. The user was also required to get security clearance from the Bureau of Civil Aviation and all drone operations over 200 feet would require the DGCA’s nod. However, the MHA had raised some objections to DGCA’s draft, saying anti-UAV technology to detect and neutralise the threats from a hostile drone is also required, a DGCA official said, on the condition of anonymity.

·        Background: Last month, operations at the IGI airport in Delhi were held up for two hours after an Air Asia pilot spotted a low flying object while landing.

Source: The Hindu

 

NATIONAL

 

 

2.  Deogarh named Odisha’s first open defecation free district

 

·        Deogarh, which became the first open defecation-free (ODF) district in Odisha, has decided to give villages having 100% toilet usage priority in government programmes to keep the cleanliness and sanitation momentum going.

·        Deogarh had completed providing individual household latrines in all the villages across the district by July end.

·        Upon achievement the target, the district was recently declared ODF.

·        Prior to 2014, individual household latrine coverage was only 11%, but between 2014 and 2017, 67,067 latrines were constructed in the villages.

·        After tasting success in providing individual latrines, the district administration is now pushing for washing hands and use of medicated mosquito nets.

·        the district administration was giving priority to piped water supply projects where toilet usage was found to be satisfactory. As many as 70 piped water supply projects would soon be set up in the district.

·        Usage of toilets largely depends on availability of water.

·        Tube-wells are being set up in villages. To encourage villagers to carry forward the drive, the district administration has started recognising efforts through different felicitation programmes.

 

Open defecation free

 

Ø "Open defecation free" (ODF) is a phrase first used in community-led total sanitation (CLTS) programs and has now entered use in other contexts. The original meaning was simply that all community members are using sanitation systems rather than practising open defecation.

Ø The Indian Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has in mid-2015 defined "open defecation free" as "the termination of fecal-oral transmission, defined by no visible feces found in the environment or village and every household as well as public/community institutions using safe technology option for disposal of feces".This definition is part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Campaign).

Source: The Hindu

 

SCHEMES

 

3. Naidu unveils gift scheme for brides of poor families

 

·        Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu on Monday announced the launch of ‘Pelli Kanuka’ (marriage gift), a scheme aimed at helping families of brides belonging to poorer and disadvantaged sections of society.

·        Mr. Naidu said the government would pay ?20, 000 each to below poverty line (BPL) families and ?50,000 each to those belonging to the Scheduled Castes, tribes and minorities. The amount would be credited into the respective accounts on the day of marriage but only after thorough verification, he said.

·        He kicked off the ‘Intintiki Telugu Desam’ programme at Tettangi village of Veeraghattammandal amid fanfare. He took the lead in the door-to-door campaign by interacting with families and enquiring about the implementation of welfare schemes.

Source: The Hindu

 

APPOINTEMENTS

 

4.  Nirmala finds a place on key panels

 

·        the government has included her in the high-profile Cabinet Committee on Security and also made her a full-time member of the Cabinet Committees on Economic and Political Affairs.

·        She held Independent charge of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry with a Minister of State rank, was earlier only a special invitee to the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA).

·        Piyush Goyal and Dharmendra Pradhan have also been upgraded from special invitees to full-time members of the CCEA. Mr. Goyal, who now heads the Railway and Coal Ministries, has been inducted into the Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs, along with Ms. Sitharaman.

 

CCEA

 

Ø CCEA has a mandate to review economic trends on a continuous basis, as also the problems and prospects, with a view to evolving a consistent and integrated economic policy framework for the country. It also directs and coordinates all policies and activities in the economic field including foreign investment that require policy decisions at the highest level.

Ø Matters regarding fixation of prices of agricultural products as well as reviewing progress of activities related to rural development including those concerning small and marginal farmers are in CCEA’s competence.

Ø CCEA facilitates finalization of factual reports on the accomplishments of the Ministries, Agencies and Public Sector Undertakings involved in implementation of prioritized schemes or projects for evaluation by the Prime Minister. The CCEA also considers cases of increase in the firmed up cost estimates/revised cost estimates for projects etc. in respect of the business allocated to the CCEA.

Ø On 2 January 2013, Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure was merged with CCEA.

Ø On 10 June 2014, the Cabinet Committee on Prices, Cabinet Committee on Unique Identification Authority of India related issues and Cabinet Committee on World Trade Organization Matters were merged with CCEA, subject to condition that whenever necessary, full cabinet will take decision on the WTO related matters.

Ø On 19 June 2014, CCEA was also reconstituted.

Source: The Hindu

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

5.  Malay set to be Singapore's first woman president

 

·        A former speaker of Singapore’s parliament, HalimahYacob, was set to become the city-state’s first woman president after other candidates did not qualify for the contest.

·        The largely ceremonial post had been reserved this year for candidates from the ethnic Malay minority. Only Halimah was given the certificate of eligibility to contest the election by the Presidential Elections Committee.

·        Ms. Yacob (63) was born to an Indian Muslim father and a Malay mother.

·        Aiming to strengthen a sense of inclusivity in the multicultural country, Singapore had decreed the presidency would be reserved for candidates from the Malay community this time.

·        Ms. Yacob’s experience as house speaker automatically qualified her under the nomination rules.

·        Of the four other applicants, two were not Malays and two were not given certificates of eligibility, the elections department said.

·        The last Malay to hold the presidency was Yusof Ishak, whose image adorns the country’s banknotes.

·        The separation of Singapore from Malaysia gave ethnic Malays a clear majority in Malaysia, while ethnic Chinese formed the majority in independent Singapore.

 

SINGAPORE

 

Ø officially the Republic of Singapore, sometimes referred to as the "Lion City", the "Garden City" or the "Little Red Dot", is a sovereign city-state in Southeast Asia.

Ø Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets.

Ø Capital: Singapore (city -state)

Ø Singapore ranks 5th on the UN Human Development Index and the 3rd highest GDP per capita. It is ranked highly in education, healthcare, life expectancy, quality of life, personal safety and housing.

Ø Singapore is a unitary multiparty parliamentary republic, with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government. The People's Action Party has won every election since self-government in 1959.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 





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