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14 JULY 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Published On:14-Jul-2017

 CURRENT AFFAIRS: 14.07.2017

 

1.   Tribunal prohibits dumping of waste near Ganga banks

·       National Green Tribunal declared 100 metres area from the edge of Ganga between Haridwar and Unnao as“No Development Zone”.

·       NGT also prohibited dumping of waste in area around 500 metres of the river.

·       If anyone will be caught dumping waste then environment compensation of R.s 50,000 will be imposed on him/her.

·       Even the NGT directed state governments of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand to formulate guidelines for religious activities on the Ghats of river and its tributaries.

·       A bench headed by NGT chairman said that the authorities should concern on completing the projects on time whether it is sewage treatment plant or cleaning of drains within 2 years.

·       The Bench also said that all the industrial units in the catchment areas of the Ganga should be stopped from indiscriminate groundwater extraction.

·       A supervisory committee was also appointed by the court to oversee the implementation of directions passed in their verdicts. The committee is supposed to submit the reports at a regular interval of time.

·       Instream Mechanical mining is also prohibitedwhile the mining on the floodplain should be semi-mechanical and preferably more manual.

·       Even the mining on the floodplain should be permitted only after a detailed and comprehensive assessment of the annual replenishment of sand and gravel in the riverbed and ensuring the connectivity of the river should not be disturbed.

 

NGT

·       It was established in 2010 under National Green Tribunal Act 2010.

·       Objective: to provide a forum for effective and speedy disposal of cases related to environment protection, conservation of forests and for seeking compensation for damages caused to people or property due to the violation of environmental laws.

·       Appointment of members is done by Central Government.

·       Chairperson of NGT is appointed by the Central Government in consultationwith the Chief Justice of India.

·       Wherever a question related to environment (including enforcement of any legal right relating to environment), is involved, the National Green Tribunal have jurisdiction over all the civil cases.

Source: The Hindu

 

2. Liu Xiaobo, Chinese Dissident who won Nobel Prize, dies

·       He was only the second Nobel Peace Prize winner who die in Prison.

·       The first, Carl von Ossietzky died in Germany in 1938 for serving a sentence for opposing Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime.

·       He was born in 1955 in the city of Changchun in China’s Jilin province.

·       He studied literature at Jilin and then at Beijing Normal University. He became professor in same university.

·       He published his first book on Philosophy in 1987 and the book is a best-seller.

·       In 1989, he was jailed for 20 months for his role in pro-democracy protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.

·       He was again sentenced for three years in 1996 in labour camp for criticising the one-party system.

·       In 2009, he was again jailed for 11 years for ‘inciting subversion of state power through his role in the Charter 8 movement. His Manifesto calls for new Constitution, independent Judiciary and freedom of expression.

·       In 2010, he was awarded Nobel Peace Prize.

·       He died on 13.07.2017 because of terminal liver cancer.

Source: The Hindu

 

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3.Maharashtra social boycott bills get President’s assent

·       Prohibition of Social Boycott Bill of Maharashtra government got President’s assent.

·       This will pave the way for the state to strictly enforce the Act with a larger objective of uprooting social evils in the name of caste panchayats.

·       Maharashtra is the first state in India to formulate a law for punishing social boycott.

·       Under the Prohibition of Social Boycott Bill, the punishment includes a fine of up-to ?5 lakh and imprisonment up-to 7 years or both.

·       Under this Act, social boycott will be treated as a crime and individuals, groups, families or communities indulging in such an activity would be punished.

·       The social boycott was not clearly defined in the existing laws.

·       In the law, it is categorically stated that social boycott for reasons such as religious rituals, inter-caste marriage, lifestyle, dress or vocation will invite stringent punishment.

·       For time-bound results, speedy trial will be held within six months of filing the chargesheet.

Source: The Hindu

 

4. Discovered: Saraswati, a supercluster of galaxies

·       A previously unknown ‘supercluster’ of galaxies have been discovered by a team of Indian scientists.

·       It is named “Saraswati”.

·       It is around 4 billion light years away from the Earth.

·       These scientist’s paper is being published in the next issue of The Astrophysical Journal, the research journal of the American Astronomical Society.

·       Saraswati supercluster is having a mass of 2 x 106 (twenty thousand trillion) suns.

·       It may contain thousands of suns.

·       The study of Saraswati will offer more insight in understanding of dark energy (Dark energy had begun to dominate the space in the universe according to scientists).

 

Superclusters

·       It is a group of clusters of galaxies and are the largest structures of stars, planets and other heavenly bodies in the universe.

·       Only a few of superclusters are known( 4 or 5).

·       Galaxies are made of billions of starts and planets while the superclusterscontains several hundreds of these galaxies.

·       Superclusters are recent finds. First time it was identified in 1980s.

·       Milky Way Galaxy of which earth is a member is part of the Laniakea supercluster. This supercluster was identified in 2014.

Source: The Indian Express

 

5. India ranks 116 out of 157 nations on SDG index

·       This index assesses the performance of countries towards achieving the Sustainable development goals (SDGs).

·       The SDG index Dashboards Report are produced by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and the Bertelsmann Stiftung.

·       The index shows that the world leaders need to strengthen their joint efforts regarding 17 global goals.

·       According to this index, the richest countries in the world are nowhere near achieving the global policy objectives.

·       India scored 58.1 score, behind countries such as Nepal, Iran, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and China while Pakistan is ranked 122.

·       Sweden got the 1st rank followed by Denmark and Finland.

·       U.S. got 42nd rank while Russia and China got 62nd and 71st rank respectively.

 

SDGs

Ø Officially known as Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a set of 17 "Global Goals" with 169 targets between them.

Ø Goal 1-    End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

Ø Goal 2-       End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Ø Goal 3-       Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.

Ø Goal 4-       Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

Ø Goal 5-       Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Ø Goal 6-       Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

Ø Goal 7-       Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

Ø Goal 8-       Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Ø Goal 9-       Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.

Ø Goal 10-     Reduce inequality within and among countries.

Ø Goal 11-     Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

Ø Goal 12-     Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

Ø Goal 13-     Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.

Ø Goal 14-     Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Ø Goal 15-     Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Ø Goal 16-     Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

Ø Goal 17-     Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

Source: The Indian Express

 

QUESTIONS BASED ON

CURRENT AFFAIRS: 14.07.2017

 

1. NGT was established in which year?

(a)     2003

(b)            2005

(c)      2010

(d)            2013

 

2. Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese Dissident who dies in prison recently, won the Nobel prize in which year?

(a)     1986

(b)            1994

(c)      2007

(d)            2010

 

3. Which is the first state in India to formulate a law for punishing social boycott?

(a)    Tamil Nadu

(b)            Maharashtra

(c)      Karnataka

(d)            Andhra Pradesh

 

4. A previously unknown ‘supercluster’ of galaxies have been discovered by a team of Indian scientists. Is it named as ___________.

(a)     Aakash Ganga

(b)            Saraswati

(c)            Supergalaxy

(d)            New cluster

 

5. India ranks ______ out of 157 nations on Sustainable Development Goals Index.

(a)     101

(b)            121

(c)      116

(d)            149

 

 

 

ANSWERS

1.    (c)

2.    (d)

3.    (b)

4.    (b)

5.    (c)

 

 

 

 






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