14 JULY 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu
Kunal Sir, Published On:14-Jul-2017
CURRENT AFFAIRS: 14.07.2017
· National Green Tribunal declared 100 metres area from the edge of Ganga between Haridwar and Unnao as“No Development Zone”.
· NGT also prohibited dumping of waste in area around 500 metres of the river.
· If anyone will be caught dumping waste then environment compensation of R.s 50,000 will be imposed on him/her.
· Even the NGT directed state governments of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand to formulate guidelines for religious activities on the Ghats of river and its tributaries.
· A bench headed by NGT chairman said that the authorities should concern on completing the projects on time whether it is sewage treatment plant or cleaning of drains within 2 years.
· The Bench also said that all the industrial units in the catchment areas of the Ganga should be stopped from indiscriminate groundwater extraction.
· A supervisory committee was also appointed by the court to oversee the implementation of directions passed in their verdicts. The committee is supposed to submit the reports at a regular interval of time.
· Instream Mechanical mining is also prohibitedwhile the mining on the floodplain should be semi-mechanical and preferably more manual.
· Even the mining on the floodplain should be permitted only after a detailed and comprehensive assessment of the annual replenishment of sand and gravel in the riverbed and ensuring the connectivity of the river should not be disturbed.
Source: The Hindu
· He was only the second Nobel Peace Prize winner who die in Prison.
· The first, Carl von Ossietzky died in Germany in 1938 for serving a sentence for opposing Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime.
· He was born in 1955 in the city of Changchun in China’s Jilin province.
· He studied literature at Jilin and then at Beijing Normal University. He became professor in same university.
· He published his first book on Philosophy in 1987 and the book is a best-seller.
· In 1989, he was jailed for 20 months for his role in pro-democracy protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.
· He was again sentenced for three years in 1996 in labour camp for criticising the one-party system.
· In 2009, he was again jailed for 11 years for ‘inciting subversion of state power through his role in the Charter 8 movement. His Manifesto calls for new Constitution, independent Judiciary and freedom of expression.
· In 2010, he was awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
· He died on 13.07.2017 because of terminal liver cancer.
Source: The Hindu
· Prohibition of Social Boycott Bill of Maharashtra government got President’s assent.
· This will pave the way for the state to strictly enforce the Act with a larger objective of uprooting social evils in the name of caste panchayats.
· Maharashtra is the first state in India to formulate a law for punishing social boycott.
· Under the Prohibition of Social Boycott Bill, the punishment includes a fine of up-to ?5 lakh and imprisonment up-to 7 years or both.
· Under this Act, social boycott will be treated as a crime and individuals, groups, families or communities indulging in such an activity would be punished.
· The social boycott was not clearly defined in the existing laws.
· In the law, it is categorically stated that social boycott for reasons such as religious rituals, inter-caste marriage, lifestyle, dress or vocation will invite stringent punishment.
· For time-bound results, speedy trial will be held within six months of filing the chargesheet.
Source: The Hindu
· A previously unknown ‘supercluster’ of galaxies have been discovered by a team of Indian scientists.
· It is named “Saraswati”.
· It is around 4 billion light years away from the Earth.
· These scientist’s paper is being published in the next issue of The Astrophysical Journal, the research journal of the American Astronomical Society.
· Saraswati supercluster is having a mass of 2 x 106 (twenty thousand trillion) suns.
· It may contain thousands of suns.
· The study of Saraswati will offer more insight in understanding of dark energy (Dark energy had begun to dominate the space in the universe according to scientists).
Source: The Indian Express
· This index assesses the performance of countries towards achieving the Sustainable development goals (SDGs).
· The SDG index Dashboards Report are produced by the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and the Bertelsmann Stiftung.
· The index shows that the world leaders need to strengthen their joint efforts regarding 17 global goals.
· According to this index, the richest countries in the world are nowhere near achieving the global policy objectives.
· India scored 58.1 score, behind countries such as Nepal, Iran, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and China while Pakistan is ranked 122.
· Sweden got the 1st rank followed by Denmark and Finland.
· U.S. got 42nd rank while Russia and China got 62nd and 71st rank respectively.