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9th & 10th November 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Published On:10-Nov-2017

CURRENT AFFAIRS: 9th and 10th November

 

1. Constitution Bench to hear plea on bid to sway SC judge

 

·        A petition will be heard by a Constitution Bench consisting “first five judges of the Supreme Court in order of seniority” on 13th November.

·        The petition is for seeking an independent investigation by a special team, supervised by a former Chief Justice of India (CJI), into a corruption case involving a former Orissa High Court Judge.

·        The judge is allegedly conspired with a “hawala dealer” for influencing the outcome of a case pending in Supreme Court in favour of a debarred private medical college.

 

Procedure to remove a Supreme Court Judge in India

 

Ø The procedure relating to the removal of a judge of the Supreme Court is regulated by the Judges Inquiry Act,1968, by the process of impeachment. There are two grounds for removal - proved misbehaviour or incapacity.

Ø A judge of the Supreme Court can be removed from his office by an order of the President.

Ø The step-wise process is:

 

v A removal motion signed by 100 members (in case of Lok Sabha) or 50 members (in case of Rajya Sabha) is to be given to the Speaker/Chairman. (The removal motion can be introduced in any of the two Houses of Parliament).

v The Speaker/Chairman may admit and reject the motion.

v If it is admitted, then the Speaker/Chairman is to constitute a three-member committee to investigate into the charges. The Committee should consist of the Chief Justice or a judge of the Supreme Court, a chief justice of a high court and a distinguished jurist.

v If the committee finds the judge to be guilty of the charges (misbehaviour or incapacity), the House in which the motion was introduced, can take up the consideration of the motion.

v Once, the House in which removal motion was introduced passes it with special majority, it goes to the second House which also has to pass it with special majority.

v After the motion is passed by each House of the Parliament by special majority, an address is presented to the President for removal of the judge.

v Finally, the President passes an order removing the judge.

v So far, no judge of the Supreme Court has been impeached. The only case where an impeachment motion was initiated and the Inquiry Committee found the judge guilty, was of Justice V Ramaswami of the Supreme Court (1991-1993). But, this motion was defeated in the Lok Sabha.

Source: The Hindu

 

2. GST Council to tighten norms for Composition Scheme

 

·        Many companies have started to split their business operations into smaller entities to avoid higher tax liabilities.

·        So, to tighten the noose on these players, the 23rd meeting of Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council was held in Guwahati.

·        Tax rate will be cut on a large number of product lines and Composition Scheme will be liberalised for the small businesses an traders to pay a flat and low tax.

·        Presently the annual turnover is one crore which will be raised to 1.5 crore.

·        The task of simplifying the Composition Scheme is given to a group of Ministers. They recommended a new regulation that would bar all associated enterprises from participating in the scheme, if their combined turnover crosses the specified threshold limit.

 

Composition Scheme under GST

 

Ø It is merely an extension of the scheme under VAT law.

Ø Under this scheme, a taxpayer will be required to file summarized returns on a quarterly basis, instead of three monthly returns (as applicable for normal businesses).

Ø Businesses dealing only in goods can only opt for composition scheme.

Ø Getting registered under composition scheme is optional and voluntary.

Ø The rate is 1% for manufacturers, 2.5% for restaurant service providers, 0.5% for other suppliers of turnover.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

3. Vizag to host first-ever agriculture hackathon

 

·        The first-ever agriculture hackathon will be organised by the Andhra Pradesh government in association with the Confederation of Indian Industry.

·        The event will be for three days from November 15.

·        Several experts, 300 delegates, and 500 farmers will take part in it.

·        It will be inaugurated by Chief Minister N.Chandrababu Naidu.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

4. Rajasthan restrained form increasing quota

 

·        Rajasthan High Court restrained the efforts of Rajasthan government to give quota benefits to Gujjars and other communities.

·        Last month, a bill was passed by Rajasthan government by which is had increased reservation for the Other Backward Classes (OBC) from 21% to 26%.

·        This bill has created a new “most backward” category within the OBCs for providing reservation to Gujjars and four other nomadic communities in the government employment and educational institutions.

·        Bill named “The Backward Classes (Reservation of Seats in Educational Institutions in the State and of Appointment and Posts in Services under the State) Bill, 2017” gave 5% reservation to Gujjar, Banjara, Gadia-Lohar, Raika and Gadariya communities.

·        By this bill, the reservation in Rajasthan stood at 54% exceeding the 50% ceiling mandated by the SC.

·        As per the SC’S ruling in the Indra Sawhney case, Special circumstances exist in Rajasthan or giving reservation to OBSs beyond the 50% ceiling.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

5. Capital chockes for second day in a row

 

·        Delhi (Delhi NCR) faced toxic levels of pollution, which forcing the government to close the schools for rest of the week and stop the entry of trucks carrying non essential goods and ban construction.

·        The Air Quality Index (AQI) of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) had hit severe for the first time this season with a value of 448 and it increases to 478.

·        According to CPCB, the pollutants are coming from crop burning as well as moisture from neighbouring states.

·        The smog stayed through the day, bring a fall in maximum and minimum temperatures.

·        Low wind speed and high humidity continued to create conditions favourable for fog.

·        The India Metrological Department issued a warning for dense to very dense fog.

·        The cover of smog over the region led to health problems and accidents.

Note-

Air Quality Index (AQI)

Ø It is number used by government agencies.

Ø It speak to the public how polluted the air currently or how polluted it is estimate to become.

Ø If AQI increases, large percentage of population is likely to experience increasingly severe adverse effects.

Ø It comes under Central Pollution Control Board

Source: The Hindu

 

6. The white brothers of Nilgiris

 

·        This is the 2nd time white tiger (pale-skinned) was found in Nilgiris.

·        For the first time in Nilgiris, few months ago, the first white tiger found has a brother who was also white.

·        These animals are not 100% white, they are pale, with coats much lighter than the usual orangey yellow.

·        Tiger’s coats are pale due to reduced levels of pigment melanin in a phenomenon called leucism.

Note-

Nilgiri(Blue Mountains)

Ø It is a part of Western Ghats ( Tamilnadu, Karnataka, and Kerala ) in Southern India.

Ø Nilgiri Biosphere reserve is a UNESCO world heritage site.

Source: The Hindu

 

7. Mary Kom wins gold in Asian boxing championship

 

·        Indian boxer Mary Kom triumph over Hyang Mil Kim of North Korea by 5-0 to clinch gold medal in the women’s 48kg category at the Asian Boxing championship.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

 

 

 

 






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