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Current Affairs of 22 Jan 2018

Keshav Kishore, Published On:22-Jan-2018

 

 

1.          O.P.Rawat is the new Chief Election Commissioner  

• Om Prakash Rawat was appointed as the 22nd Chief Election Commissioner of India.

• Mr. Rawat had received Prime Minister’s Award on April 21, 2010, for excellence in Public Administration for innovative group initiative “Recognition of Forest Rights”.

• Ashok Lavasa the former finance secretary has become new election commissioner.

• Sukumar Sen was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India.

 

2.       Mercedes-Benz first to launch BS-VI-compliant car

• With the launch of S class car Mercedes-Benz has become first company to launch BS-VI-complaint car which will run on BS-IV fuel.

• In India, BS-VI norms will be regulated from April, 2020.

• BS-VI norms will reduce the NOx, CO2,SO2 and Particulate Matter (PM) emission significantly.

• By adopting BS-VI norms, India will join the league of US, Japan and European Union, which follows Euro Stage VI emission norms.

 

3.       Cyber Surakshit Bharat: An initiative of MeitY

• Objective of this initiative is, to aware the people for the importance of cyber security, educate them about this security and enable them to use tools of this security.

• This program of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology will conduct series of training programmes across country in the next six months.

• It is public-private partnership that will leverage the expertise of the IT industry in cybersecurity.

 

4.      Electronic nose: A model from IIT Bombay

• Based on the process of inelastic quantum tunneling, the “electronic nose” can differentiate between molecules based on their vibrational energies.

• This nose can replace the sniffing dog used to sniff out presence of explosives and drugs.

• There are two theories which explains the action of smelling-a) Shape theory b) Vibration theory

• The Shape theory says that the shape of a particular molecule acts as a “key” and fits into the “lock” in the nose, thereby stimulating it to perceive a smell.

• The Vibration theory proposes that the nose senses not the shape but the vibrational energy of the odorant molecule.

 

5.    What are 3D printed drugs?

• The drugs are manufactured by a process in which software is used to identify the chemical reactions and processes that are necessary for the desired drug, and then the ideal chambers and components of the system are created using a 3D printer.

• Using 3D printing the size, dose, appearance and rate of delivery of a drug can be designed to suit an individual.

• Spritam is a 3D printed drug used as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial onset seizures, myoclonic seizures and primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures in adults and children with epilepsy.

 

 

 Source: The Hindu, The Indian Express

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 






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