Current Affairs of 15th November 2019
Pankaj Vishwakarma, Updated On:15-Nov-2019
1. Legislators allowed to contest election after expelled in AntiDefection law :
Recent News :
- Supreme Court upheld the disqualification of 17 dissident Congress and Janata Dal (Secular) legislators by then Karnataka Assembly Speaker K.R. Ramesh Kumar .
- This disqualification was done under the Tenth Schedule (Anti defection law) .
Anti Defection Law under 10th schedule :
- 91st Constitutional Amendment of 2003 brought in specifically to ensure that a legislator disqualified for defection should not be appointed in the government, Minister or to any remunerative post from the date of his disqualification either till the expiry of his term of office or till he was reelected to the legislature.
- In current scenario, speaker is not empowered to disqualify any member till the end of his term. But, if a member disqualified under the Tenth Schedule, he shall be subjected to sanctions provided under Articles 75(1B), 164(1B) and 361B of Constitution, which provides for a ban from being appointed as a Minister or to hold any remunerative political post from the date of disqualification till the date on which the term of his office would expire or if he is again reelected to the legislature.
- It is not mentioned under constitution nor any scheme that disqualification under the Tenth Schedule would operate as a bar for contesting reelections.
- Representation of the People Act-1951, section 36 also does not mention such disqualification.
- This judgement paved the way for the ousted legislators to contest the upcoming bypolls.
2. Doctrine of ‘Essentiality’ :
- Recent News :
- Supreme Court decided to refer the Sabarimala temple case to a larger 7 Judge bench.
- Doctrine of Essentiality :
- Barring entry of women of menstruating age to Sabarimala temple is an issue , but the major issue is whether any religion can barred the entry of women to religious places.
- However, in 2018 Sabarimala judgement it was decided that women have the fundamental right to equality for accessing public places which includes place of worship as well.
- This larger 7 Judge bench will reevaluate the ‘Essential Religious Practices’ which is an evolving doctrine evolved by court to protect only such religious practices which were essential & integral to the religion.
- In 1954 Shirur Mutt case court said that term ‘religion’ will cover all rituals & practices integral or essential to a religion.
- This means the court will decide which rituals & practices are integral or essential to follow a religion.
- This 7 Judge bench will decide whether the practice of banning entry of menstruating women in Sabarimala Temple is an essential part of the religion or not.
3. 39th India International Trade Fair started on 14th November 2019 :
- Shri Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways and MSME ,inaugurated the 39th India International Trade Fair(IITF) on 14th November 2019.
- Theme of the fair is ‘Ease of Doing Business’ .
- Theme is inspired by the achievement of India of rising up to the 63rd rank on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index from 142nd rank in year 2014.
- The status of Partner Country is accorded to Afghanistan, while Bihar and Jharkhand are the focus States.
4. Conference on ‘Replication of good governance practices in UTs of J&K & Ladakh’ :
- Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) is organizing a Regional Conference on the theme ‘Replication of Good Governance Practices in Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh’ in collaboration with the Government of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh on November 15-16, 2019 at Jammu.
- The objective of this conference is to bring national and state level organizations on the same platform to share experiences in Digital Governance, Citizen Centric Governance and Capacity Building and Personnel Administration .
- In this conference, ‘Sushashan Sankalp - Jammu Ghoshna’ resolution will be adopted in the Valedictory session.
5. ‘Golden Leaf Award 2019’ to Tobacco Board of India:
- Tobacco Board of India has received the Golden Leaf Award in the Most Impressive Public Service Initiative category for the year 2019.
- This award is for its efforts to initiate various sustainability (green) initiatives in Flue-Cured Virginia (FCV) tobacco cultivation in India.
- Tobacco Board received the award at Tab Expo 2019 event in Amsterdam- The Netherland.
- This award is given to a company or institution that introduced a public service programme or educational campaign of creativity, effectiveness to date and best use of resources.
- The Golden Leaf Awards were created to recognize professional excellence and dedication in the tobacco industry by Tobacco Reporter, an international magazine in the year 2006.
- Tobacco Board received this award for its best outstanding public service in sustainability to industry for its initiatives on natural farming in tobacco cultivation, for production of organic tobacco, improving the soil health through green manuring, introduction of 365 days green cover in tobacco cultivation & promotion of advanced nursery technologies
6. Maitree Diwas’ in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh :
- 11th Maitree Diwas was celebrated in Tawang, Arunachal Pradesh .
- Shri Rajnath Singh during his address said that North East act as a land bridge between India and South East Asia which will provide employment opportunities and give a fillip to trade and tourism.
- He said that North East Industrial Corridor will create numerous job opportunities for the people of the region.
- He said that the road to ‘New India’ runs through ‘New North-East India’.
7. National Cancer Institute, AIIMS Jhajjar campus :
- Dr. Harsh Vardhan visited the National Cancer Institute, AIIMS, New Delhi (Jhajjar Campus).
- The National Cancer Institute, AIIMS, New Delhi (Jhajjar Campus) was dedicated to the nation by the Prime Minister on 12th February 2019.
- He also commissioned advanced facilities and services such as Linear Accelerator (LINAC) services, AMRIT Pharmacy and the auditorium during his visit to the Institute.
- He also performed Bhoomi Pujan for an 800 bedded Vishram Sadan at the Campus
8. Bilateral talks with Education Ministers of Norway, Bangladesh, Mexico, Thailand and Malaysia on the sidelines of 40th UNESCO General Conference in Paris :
- HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ held bilateral talks with Education Ministers of Norway, Bangladesh, Mexico, Thailand, UAE and Malaysia in Paris on 13th November, 2019. The meetings took place on the sidelines of 40th UNESCO General Conference being held in Paris.
9. Largest FDI Project of Railways :
- Indian Railways has entered into Procurement cum Maintenance Agreement with Madhepura Electric Locomotive Pvt. Ltd. (MELPL), a joint venture of Indian Railways and M/s Alstom.
- This will be the largest Foreign Direct Investment project of Indian Railways, Ministry of Railways and Alstom came together in 2015 to transform the heavy freight transportation landscape of India.
- An agreement worth 3.5 billion Euro was signed to manufacture 800 electric locomotives for freight service and its associated maintenance.
- Alstom will supply 10 locomotives in FY 2019-20 and 90 locomotives in FY 2020-21 and 100 locomotives per year beyond March 2021 as per their recovery plan.
- This is the first time such High HorsePower locomotive is being tested on Broad Gauge network in the World by any Railways.
- Their factory is set up along with township in Madhepura, Bihar with capacity to manufacture 120 locomotives per year.
- This project will create more than 10,000 direct and indirect jobs in the country having one Maintenance Depot already established in Saharanpur.
- In two years time, more than 90% of the parts will be manufactured in India.
10. Renowned mathematician Vashishtha Singh no more :
- Renowned mathematician Shri Narayan Singh died at a government hospital in Patna on 14th November 2019.
- He worked with NASA in the U.S. and IITs in India & was suffering from schizophrenia for a long time.
- He was born at Basantpur village of Bihar’s Bhojpur district on April 2, 1942.
- In 1963, he completed his PhD on “on cycle vector space theory” from the University of California and worked at NASA.
- After returning to India, he worked as an Associate Professor in IITKanpur and Kharagpur.
Sources : The Hindu, The Indian Express, The Economic Times, Press India Bureau website