1. Birds dying at Sambhar Lake due to Avian Botulism :
- Indian Veterinary Research Institute -Bareilly has confirmed the presence of Avian Botulism which is a cause of dying of birds at Sambhar lake.
- Avian Botulism is a neuro-muscular illness caused by toxin which is produced by bacterial strain.
- This disease became a reason for mass mortality of birds that includes migratory birds also.
- This illness is caused by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum, which affect the nervous system of birds & also leads to flaccid paralysis in their legs and wings and neck touching the ground.
- More than 18000 birds has been safely removed from catchment area of Sambhar lake.
- Sambhar lake is India’s largest inland saline water body & a wetland site
2. Kerala bans production, sale, storage of single use plastic from Jan 1st 2020 :
- Kerala Govt has banned production, sale, storage of single use plastic w.e.f. Jan1st ,2020.
- Ban will be applicable to all carry bags (irrespective of thickness), plastic sheets, cooling film and plastic plates and cups.
- This ban also covers goods made up of thermocol and styrofoam, disposable plastic cups, plates, spoons, forks, straws, dishes, stirrer, plastic coated paper cups, plates, bowls, non woven bags, plastic flags and bunting, water pouches, juice packets.
- PET bottles (below 300 ml), plastic garbage bags, PVC flex materials and plastic packets are also banned.
- Any person violating will be booked under Environment Protection Act 1986.
- DM, SDM & Officers of CPCB are authorised to take stern action against the violators.
3. Jalajapam ritual - Kerala :
- ‘Jalajapam’ forms a part of the ‘Murajapam ritual’ which is held once in every six years.
- This ritual is performed on the banks of Padmatheertham pond at the Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala.
- The ‘japam’ also called the ceremonial chanting of the Vedas started from 21st November 2019, will be held in seven sessions.
- The ‘Lakshadeepam’ will be performed at the end of the 56 day ritual.
4. Mahinda Rajpaksha sworn in as PM of Sri Lanka :
- Mr. Mahinda Rajpaksha, former President & elder brother of Gotabaya Rajpaksha (Current President of Sri lanka) becomes Prime Minister of Sri Lanka.
- Mr. Mahinda Rajpaksha replaces Prime Minister Ranil Vikramsinghe .
- Mr. Gotabaya Rajpaksha also wins the Presidential election on 16th November 2019.
5. Conference of Governors and Lt. Governors on 23rd-24th November 2019 at Rashtrapati Bhavan :
- President Ram Nath Kovind, will be presiding over a two-day Conference of Governors and Lt. Governors on November 23rd and 24th , 2019 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
- This is the 50th Conference to be held in Rashtrapati Bhavan .
- This conference will include tribal issues, agricultural reforms ,Jal Jeevan Mission, new education policy and governance for ease of living.
- Governors and Lt. Governors of all States & UTs will attend the Conference.
6. ISRO is preparing for Chandrayaan-3 Mission :
- ISRO has drawn a roadmap of next lunar exploration missions & to master the technologies required.
- ISRO has prepared this roadmap to the space commission.
- After final analysis and recommendations of the expert committee, work on future lunar missions will be progressing.
- The expert committee has also analyzed the flight data and extensive simulations were carried out to reconstruct the flight behavior.
- Expert committee’s recommendations will be implemented in future lunar missions.
7. Nuclear Capacity of India :
- The present installed nuclear power capacity in India are 22 reactors with a total capacity of 6780 MW.
- The nuclear power plants contribute about 3% of the total electricity generated in the country.
- The electrical energy requirement of the country for year 2018-19 is 1274595 MUs whereas projected energy requirement for year 2021-22 is 1566023 MUs.
- The percentage increase in energy requirement for the country till 2021-2022 w.r.t. energy requirement of 2018-19 is 22.86%
- Nuclear Power plants Under Construction :
- Gujarat- Kakrapar
- Rajasthan - Rawatbhata
- Haryana- Gorakhpur
- Tamil Nadu - Kundankulam
- Tamil Nadu - Kalapakkam
- Nuclear Power Plants which accorded administrative approval & financial sanctions :
- MP - Chutka
- Karnataka- Kaiga
- Rajasthan- Mahi Banswara
- Haryana- Gorakhpur
- Tamil Nadu - Kundankulam
8. ‘New Space India Limited (NSIL)’ - Commercial exploration of space :
- New Space India Limited (NSIL) is a commercial arm under the Department of Space has been incorporated on 06th March 2019.
- NSIL is a wholly owned Government of India Undertaking under the administrative control of Department of Space (DOS).
- NSIL will commercially exploit the research and development work of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
- Various mandates of NSIL are :
- To transfer Small Satellite technology to industry whereas NSIL will obtain license from DOS/ISRO and sub-license it to the particular industries
- It will also manufacture Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) in collaboration with the Private Sector.
- Productionof Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) through Indian based Industries.
- Production and marketing of Space based services which includes launch and application.
- It will also look after the transfer of technology developed by ISRO Centres.
- NSIL will also do the marketing of spin-off technologies and products, both in India and abroad.
9. ‘Destination North East’ to be held from November 23-26 at Varanasi :
- ‘Destination North East’ Festival will be held in Varanasi from 23rd to 26th November, 2019.
- The festival is being organised by the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Government of India.
- It is a four-day to be organised at IIT BHU grounds, Varanasi.
- The Previous editions of ‘Destination North East’ were held in Delhi and Chandigarh.
- All 8 NE states will be present at the event along with their handicrafts, handloom, organic products and cultural troupes.
10. Power Generation from waste garbage/material upto 56.34 MW :
- During the last three years and current year (2019) in the country, a total of 56.34 MW has been set up for power generation from waste garbage/material .
- Central Financial Assistance (CFA) provided by the Government to the private developers in different States/UTs for installation of projects to generate power from waste garbage/material.
- Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is implementing the scheme “Programme on Energy from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Wastes/ Residues” for promoting setting up of waste-to-energy plants to recover energy in the form of Biogas or BioCNG or Power from Urban, Industrial and Agricultural Waste / Residues.
- This will meet energy demands of urban, industrial and commercial sectors in the country.
- As of now, 199 waste-to-energy projects for generation of Biogas/BioCNG/Power based on Urban, industrial, agricultural waste and Municipal Solid Waste have been successfully established in the country.
Sources : The HIndu, The Indian Express, The Economic Times, Press Information Website