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1. Citizenship Amendment Bill passed in Lok Sabha :
- Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 passed in Lok Sabha.
- This bill proposes to give citizenship to the refugees from the Hindu, Christian, Buddhist, Sikh & Zoroastrian communities fleeing due to religious persecutions from neighbouring countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.
- Home Minister has confirmed that on the principle of reasonable classification citizenship can be granted and in this case, there is no violation of Article 14 (Right to equality) of the constitution.
- Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jains, Parsis & christians from the above three countries will not be considered as an illegal migrant & can apply for Indian citizenship through naturalisation method of taking Indian citizenship mentioned in the constitution.
- To be eligible for naturalisation, they should have entered the country before 31st Dec’2014 & should have stayed in India for at least 5 years , while for others it is 11 years.
2. India got 129th rank in the UN Human Development Index 2019:
- India got 129th rank out of 189 countries in recently released UN Human Development Index 2019.
- Last year India’s ranking was 130th which is a one step higher this year.
- United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) releases Human Development report.
- This report measures dimensions of human development i.e. life expectancy, education & per capita income.
3. UP to get 218 new fast track courts :
- After the death of Unnao rape victim , UP government has decided to open 218 new fast track courts for fast disposal of cases of sexual crimes against women and children.
- UP has presently 42,389 pending cases of sexual offences against children and 25,749 pending cases of rape and sexual crimes against women.
- To overcome this, 218 new fast track courts will be set up which also includes 144 courts for sexual crimes against women in particular.
- Another 144 courts will regularly hear only rape cases.
- Under the POCSO (Protection of Children from Sexual Offences] Act, 74 new courts will be opened.
- A new post of the Additional Sessions Judge will also be created in all the 218 courts.
- The central government will bear 60% of the costs and the State will bear the remaining cost of 40%.
4. Recycling of Ships Bill-2019 passed by the Rajya Sabha :
- 30% of the world’s ship breaking is done in India & almost 300 ships are being recycled every year in India.
- Recycling of Ships Bill-2019 provides a provision of the recycling of ships, in accordance with the ‘Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships- 2009’ & adopted by ‘International Maritime Organisation’.
- This bill will be applicable for all existing facilities , all ships registered in India or entering to Indian waters, apart from warships & other government ships.
- These ships must not have hazardous material for which a national authority can be created to carry out regulatory checks.
5. Inner Line Permit for Manipur :
- Inner Line Permit (ILP) is required for any citizens of other states if they wish to visit the protected areas . This provision is mandated by the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873.
- Manipur will be included under the Inner Line Permit (ILP) ,thus exempting it from the latest Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019.
- Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland & Mizoram are already protected under Inner Line Permit & Manipur will also be included in this system.
- The provisions of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 will not apply to the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura as which are included in the 6th schedule & the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland are already protected under the ILP system.
- This means that the new Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 will only be applicable in few parts of Assam & Tripura.
- This means, that the illegal migrants from the six minority communities who will eventually become Indian citizens after implementation of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill- 2019 , will not be able to take up any jobs, start businesses & also not be able to settle down in these areas and will require an (ILP) permit to enter into these states.
6. Sanna Marin -World’s youngest PM in Finland :
- Finland has elected Ms. Sanna Marin 34 year old who is the world’s youngest PM of any country .
- She was elected on 8th Dec’2019 .
- Ukraine’s PM Oleksiy Honcharuk is currently 35 years old as the second youngest PM of the world.
7. 138 Must See Monuments in India :
- 138 Must See Monuments are identified in India by the Archaeological Survey of India.
- A portal “Must See” started by the Archaeological Survey of India.
- Currently, there are 38 World Heritage Sites out of which 22 Cultural Sites which includes monuments/ buildings and caves are under the protection of Archaeological Survey of India.
8. Green Good Deeds initiative :
- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change coordinates with a Central Sector Scheme called ‘Environment Education, Awareness and Training’.
- The objective of the above scheme is to promote environmental awareness & also to mobilize people’s participation for conservation of the environment.
- ‘National Green Corps’ programme is also a component of this scheme.
- 1.50 Lakhs ‘Ecoclubs’ has also been established in schools & colleges across the length & breadth of the country.
- ‘Green Good Deeds’ is an initiative to promote simple, practical steps that any students, teachers, citizens can perform in their day-to-day life which will help to save the environment
9. Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019 passed in Lok Sabha :
- Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019 has been recently passed in Lok Sabha.
- This amended bill has a provision to raise the punishment for existing offences like illegal manufacture, sale, transfer,illegal acquiring, possessing of prohibited arms or ammunition & firearms.
- This bill also define new provision such as taking away firearms from police or armed forces, organized crime , illicit trafficking of firearms, use of firearms in rash and negligent manner in any celebratory gunfire .
- This bill also seeks to raise the period of arms license from existing 3 years to 5 years.
- Original act was brought up in 1857 after the Sepoy revolt of 1857 ,to prevent such an incident in future.
10. Digital Exhibition on the History of the Constitution of India:
- Dr. Jitendra Singh ,Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region has inaugurated the ‘Digital Exhibition on the History of the Constitution of India’.
- This was done in New Delhi on 9th Dec’2019.
- This exhibition has been jointly organised by the Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, in close collaboration with Parliament Museum and the Archives of Lok Sabha Secretariat and Bureau of Outreach and Communication.
- This exhibition is for 9th-10th Dec’2019 at North Block, New Delhi.
Sources : The Hindu, The Indian Express, Press Information Bureau Website