Current Affairs of 22 April 2018
Keshav Kishore, Published On:22-Apr-2018
1. Capital punishment for rape of girls below 12
• The President of India has given assent to Criminal Law (Amendment) Ordinance.
• Under this ordinance there is provision of 20 years of jail or life imprisonment or death punishment for rape of a girl below 12 years.
• The punishment increased to 20 years of jail term which can be extended to life time imprisonment from 10 years for rape of a girl less than 16 years of age.
• For gang-rape of a girl below 16-years there will be life time imprisonment.
• For rape of any women minimum punishment are increased to10 years from 7 years of imprisonment, extendable to life.
• There will be no anticipatory bail for rape or gang rape of a girl under 16 years.
• There will be dedicated manpower for investigation of rape cases and probe and trial would be completed in two months.
2. Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance
• With the promulgation of this ordinance, government will be entitled to confiscate properties and assets of loan defaulters who have fled the country.
• The law provides authority to seize assets even without a conviction and paying off lenders by selling off the fugitive’s properties.
• The law elaborates fugitive economic offenders as any persons against whom an arrest warrant has been issued for committing offence like cheque dishonour for insufficiency of funds, counterfeiting government stamps or currency, transaction defrauding creditors and money laundering.
3. World Earth Day: 22April
• World Earth Day is observed on 22nd April worldwide.
• The theme of this year is “End Plastic Pollution”.
• It is a day of political action and civic participation for the preservation of planet.
4. Sulphur in fossil fuel can be removed by bacteria
• The scientists of CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Material Technology (CSIR-IMMT) in Bhubaneswar used four bacterial strains for removal of sulphur from fossil fuels.
• These bacterial strains use dibenzothiopene as an energy source for getting rid of the sulphur.
• Dibenzothiopene is an organic sulphur compound.
• For this result researchers selected bacterial strains having dsz genes.
• The dsz genes are known for sustainable bio-desulfurization.
5. Viral Hepatitis to be controlled by 2030
• Health ministry has decided to launch an initiative for prevention and control for viral hepatitis.
• In the coming three years, there will be 100 treatment and 665 testing centres in all states.
• The viral hepatitis is concern of the whole world and India is committed to end viral hepatitis by 2030.
Source: The Hindu, The Indian Express, PIB