Government Schemes Special
1. India’s Aviation Scenario
· Pakyong Airport of Sikkim has become the 100th operational airport of the country.
· Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) is the scheme to connect various underdeveloped and ghost airports of the country to increase regional connectivity.
· There are about 400 airports and air strips across the country but only 75 were operational till last year.
· Out of these 400 airports, there are hundreds of ‘ghost airports’, which always had the potential to service flights but remained unused because of various reasons.
· Six airports of India- Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad- handle two third of the country’s air-traffic in terms of passengers and 60% of total aircraft movements.
· All the operators under UDAN Scheme will be given subsidy by Viability Gap Funding Scheme.
2. Pradhan Mantri Krishi SAMPADA Yojana
· The Scheme was approved in May, 2017 by the Cabinet Committee of Economic affairs for the period of 2016-20 to match it with 14th Finance Commission cycle.
· SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-processing clusters) is a flagship central-sector scheme under the Ministry of Food Processing.
· The objective of this scheme is to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease agri-waste.
· The budgetary allocation for the scheme is Rs. 6000 crore and it is expected to leverage Rs. 31, 400 crore.
· The scheme is also aimed to benefit approx 20 lakh farmers by handling of 334 MT agro-produce value of Rs. 1, 04, 125 crore and will also generate 5, 35, 500 direct or indirect employment in the country by 2019-20.
· Mega Food Parks, Integrated Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure, Food Safety and Quality Assurance Infrastructure, Infrastructure for Agro Processing Clusters are important target of this scheme.
3. Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS)
· NYKS is the one of the largest youth organization of the world having currently 8.7 million enrolled youth and 1.29 lakh youth club.
· The organization was started in 1972 with an objective to develop the personality and leadership quality of the youth and to engage them in nation-building activities.
· NYKS is headquartered at New Delhi and it has 29 zonal offices at state level in all the state of India.
· NYKS has a District Youth Coordinator in each district and 2 National Youth Volunteers in each block.
· Yuva Adarsh Vikas Karyakram of NYSK envisages developing one village in selected district as model village for the youth, which will have all the basic amenities and should also be an ODF village.
· Tribal Youth Exchange Programme is organized annually by NYSK in which tribal youth drawn from areas, affected by left-wing extremist are taken to the other parts of the country to sensitize them to rich cultural heritage of the country.
4. National Service Scheme (NSS)
· NSS was launched in 1969 with an aim to inculcate social welfare in students and to provide service to society selflessly.
· ’Education Through Service’ is the purpose of the NSS and ideological orientation of NSS is inspired by ideals of Mahatma Gandhi.
· Motto of NSS is “Not Me, But You”.
· Currently NSS has approx 3.66 million volunteers enrolled in 39,695 NSS units spread over 391 universities and 16, 278 senior secondary schools.
· NSS workers work in the area of health, education, environment conservation, family welfare and sanitation, social service programs, programs for improving the status of women.
· The scheme envisages having one NSS unit comprising of 100 volunteers at each educational institution and will be led by a teacher designated as Programme Officer (PO).
· Each NSS volunteer is expected to provide 120 hours in a year for 2 years for the community development.
· NSS volunteers participate in various camps such as Republic Day Parade Camp, Adventure Camp, National Integration Camp, etc.
5. Khelo India Scheme
· Khelo India Scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 31st January 2018, to promote a culture of sports and fitness among youths.
· The scheme will provide annual financial assistance of Rs. 5 lakh per annum for 8 years to talented players identified in priority sports discipline at various levels.
· The scheme is being implemented by Ministry of Sports and Youth Affairs and have an outlay of Rs. 1756 crore for 2017-18 to 2019-20.
· There is Sports Talent Search Portal which provides a transparent platform for talented youth to share their achievements and gives a boost to budding sportspersons.
· National Sports University of Manipur will be first of its kind to promote sports education in the areas of sports science, sports technology, sports management, sports coaching and will also function as national training center for selected training centers.
Source: Yojana (September-2018)