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17 JULY 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Published On:17-Jul-2017

CURRENT AFFAIRS: 17.07.2017

 

ART & CULTURE

 

1.   Sangita Kalanidhi award for Ravikiran (Awards)

          

·       Chitraveena maestro N. Ravikiran has been selected for Sangita Kalanidhiaward of the institution this year.

·       He as a child prodigy won the scholarship of the Music Academy in 1969.

·       The selection was done by the executive committee.

·       Ravikiran will preside over the 91st annual conference which will be held between December 14, 2017 and January 1, 2018.

·       This award will conferred on him on January 1, on the day of sadas.

·       He came to limelight during dais of the Music Academy where he appeared and as a two-year old, he was responding to the questions of the great maestros and identifying ragas.

·       He learnt from his father as well as from tutelage of T. Brinda for a decade from 1986 to 1996.

·       He even popularised many Keerthanas of OothukaduVenkatasubbaiyar.

 

Sangita Kalanidhi

Ø sangeetha = music, kala = art, nidhi = treasure

Ø it is a title awarded yearly to an expert Carnatic Musician by the Madras Music Academy.

Ø The Sangita Kalanidhi is the highest honour given to a Carnatic musicians in India

Ø The award was initially not named Sangita Kalanidhi, it was given the name only in 1942

Ø The first recipients of the award were T.V. Subba Rao, Vidvan T.S. SabhesaIyer, and M.S. RamaswamyIyer. They were awarded in 1929

Ø MazhavarayanendalSubbarama was the first to get the award in 1942 under the title Sangita Kalanidhi

Ø The award comprises of a Gold medal and a 'birudupatra'.

Ø Not only singers, but instrumentalists of Carnatic music also receive the award.

Ø Some popular and acclaimed musicians who have received the awards are MuthiahBhagavatar, MaharajapuramVishwanathaIyer, Professor DwaramVenkataswamy Naidu, G.N. Balasubramaniam, Palghat Mani Iyer, M.S. Subbulakshmi, M. Balamurli Krishna and T.V. Gopalakrishnan.

Source: The Hindu

 

ENVIRONMENT

 

2. Bengal’s medicinal plants face threat( environmental impact assessment)

 

·       A Unique publication came from West Bengal Forest Department which provides the details on 581 species of medicinal plants found across different regions of south Bengal.

·       The 600-page book titled “Medicinal Plant Resources of South Bengal”.

·       This publication is a part of ongoing measured taken up by the State Forest Department to conserve medicinal plants.

·       It listed all the medicinal plants in alphabetical order as per their scientific names.

·       All these plants are conserved in situ (where they are naturally found) at four medicinal plant conservation areas (MPCA) across south Bengal.

·       The World Health Organisation (WHO) Listed 20,000 medicinal plants out of which India’s contribution is about 5,000 species.

·       The publication will serve as a very important data bank of medicinal plants in the country and will generate interest among common people to come forward and conserve medicinal plans by growing them into their home gardens.

 

Medicinal Plants

 

Ø The term “medicinal plant” include various types of plants used in herbalism (“herbology or herbal medicines”).

Ø It is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and study of such uses.

Ø Prehistoric Neanderthal people probably used plants as medicines at least 50,000 years ago.

Ø The most famous English herbalist was Nicholas Culpeper, who wrote A Physical Directory in 1649.

Ø Most medicines, except antibiotics, come from flowering plants or were first found in flowering plants.

Ø Powerful painkilling drugs come from the seeds of the opium poppy.

Ø Digitalis is a heart drug that came from foxgloves. It is poisonous if taken in large doses.

Ø Garlic is thought to protect the body against heart diseases.

Ø Vincristine is a drug made from the Madagascar periwinkle that helps children fight cancer.

Source: The Hindu

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES

 

3.   Government unveils malaria fight plan: Elimination deadline set at 2027(SERVICES RELATING TO HEALTH)

 

·       The Indian government has unveiled the plan to eliminate malaria by 2027.

·       National Strategic Plan for Malaria Elimination (2017-22)lays down a blueprint of action to tackle the problem, working in parcels and identifying annual targets for each.

·       India reports 89% of malaria cases in South-east Asia.

·       This malaria deadline (2027) is three years ahead of the global deadline.

·       According to the plan, all the districts are broke down into four categories based on their annual parasite incidence (API).

·       Most of the malaria cases in India are reported in six states – Odisha (40%), Chhattisgarh (20%), Jharkhand (20%), Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram (5-7%).

·       Under the categories made by the government,

§  Category zero districts have the least incidence i.e. no case has been reported in the last three years. The plan here is to maintain vigilance so that the disease is not reintroduced.

§  Category One: where malaria is in elimination phase and Annual Parasite Incidence (API) is less than 1 per 1,000 and elimination target is 2020.

§  Category Two: API is 1-2 and elimination target is for 2022.

§  Category Three: API > 2 here target is to bring the API down less than one by 2022.

·       The plan also comprises awareness, entomological surveillance in vulnerable areas, use of diagnostic kits to identify the malaria parasite and an outbreak warning system.

·       To be declared malaria-free, a country need to have report zero incidence for at least three years.

·       In Delhi also, the National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Malaria Elimination (2017-22) was launched last week.

·       NSP is a year-wise roadmap for malaria elimination across the country which is based on last year’s National Framework for Malaria Elimination.

·       This in turn is spurred by the World Health Organisation’s Global Technical Strategy for Malaria, 2016-2030.

 

Malaria

                    

Ø It is transmitted to humans through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito.

Ø Once an infected mosquito bites a human, the parasites multiply in the host's liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells.

Ø it cannot pass directly between people.

Ø Symptoms resemble those of flu, but, without treatment, the effects can sometimes be long-term and fatal.

Ø Travelers, hikers, and campers can protect themselves with medication, pest control, clothing, and nets.

Source: The Hindu

 

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INTERNATIONAL

 

4. Federer beat Marin Cilic in Wimbledon( SPORTS)

          

·       Roger Federer won his eighth Wimbledon singles championship and 19th Grand Slam singles title.

·       This victory made him the oldest man to win at the All England Club in the Open era, which began in 1968.

·       He also became the first man since Bjorn Borg in 1976 to win Wimbledon without dropping a set.

·       Federer has won 19 Grand Slams, the most by any male player in history.

·       He reached an all-tie record29 slam finals, 42 SFs and 50 QFs.

·       The last time Federer won a major without losing a set was at the 2007 Austalia Open.

Source: The Hindu

 

QUESTIONS BASED ON

CURRENT AFFAIRS: 17.07.2017

 

1. Who has been selected for Sangita Kalanidhi award of the institution this year?

(a)     N. Ravikiran

(b)            A.R. Rahman

(c)      Zakir Hussain

(d)            Shivkumar Sharma

 

2. Sangita Kalanidhi is a title awarded yearly to an expert Carnatic Musician by which Music Academy?

(a)     Chennai Music Academy

(b)            Academy of Indian Classical Music

(c)     Madras Music Academy

(d)            Shantikala Music Acadmey

 

3. A Unique publication came from West Bengal Forest Department is a 600-page book titled “______________________________”

(a)     Medicinal Plant Resources of South Bengal

(b)            South Bengal’s resources of Medicinal plant

(c)      Medicinal Plant Resources

(d)            Medicinal Plant Summary

 

4. Malaria is transmitted to humans through the bite of which mosquito?

(a)     Aedes Aegypti

(b)            Marsh

(c)             Culicinae

(d)            Anopheles

 

5. Roger Federer won his _______ Wimbledon singles championship and _______ Grand Slam singles title.

(a)     7th and 10th

(b)            8th and 19th

(c)     10th and 21st

(d)            9th and 11th

 

 

ANSWERS

1.    (a)

2.    (c)

3.    (a)

4.    (d)

5.    (b)

 

 

 

 






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