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13 September 2017 Current Affairs from The Hindu

Kunal Sir, Published On:13-Sep-2017

 CURRENT AFFAIRS: 13.09.2017

 

NATIONAL

 

1.    ‘Cooling off’ period in Hindu divorce can go: SC

 

·        The 1955 Hindu Marriage Act provides for a statutory cooling period of six months between the first and the last motion for seeking divorce by mutual consent to explore the possibility of settlement and cohabitation.

·        A six-month waiting period for Hindu couples seeking divorce is not mandatory, the Supreme Court said on Tuesday, laying down directions for lower courts to speed up separation if both spouses agree upon the terms.

·        The decision will bring significant respite to couples who file for divorce “by mutual consent”.

·        “The period mentioned in Section 13B(2) is not mandatory but directory, it will be open to the Court to exercise its discretion in the facts and circumstances of each case where there is no possibility of parties resuming cohabitation and there are chances of alternative rehabilitation,” the bench of judges Adarsh Goel and UU Lalit said.

·        “That an application for waiver of the six month period set out in the Hindu Marriage Act can be given a go-by if parties have genuinely settled their differences including alimony, custody of child or any other pending issues between the parties, and the waiting period will only prolong their agony.”

·        “If there are no chances of reunion and there are chances of fresh rehabilitation, the court should not be powerless in enabling the parties to have a better option.”

·        As per the Hindu Marriage Act, a divorce petition can be filed at a district court on the ground that a couple has been living separately for one year or more, has not been able to live together and has mutually agreed the marriage should be dissolved.

·        After the petition is filed, the couple has to wait for six months before the court hears or decides.

 

HINDU MARRIAGE ACT

 

Ø The Hindu Marriage Act by an Act of the Parliament of India enacted in 1955. Three other important acts were also enacted as part of the Hindu Code Bills during this time: the Hindu Succession Act (1956), the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act (1956), the Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956).

Ø The main purpose of the act was to amend and codify the law relating to marriage among Hindus and others. Besides amending and codifying Sastrik Law, it introduced separation and divorce, which did not exist in Sastrik Law. This enactment brought uniformity of law for all sections of Hindus. In India there are religion-specific civil codes that separately govern adherents of certain other religions.

Ø This Act applies -

§  to any person who is a Hindu by religion in any of its forms or developments, including a Virashaiva, a Lingayat or a follower of the Brahmo, Prarthana or Arya Samaj;

§  to any person who is a Buddhist, Jain or Sikh by religion; and

§  to any other person domiciled in the territories to which this Act extends who is not a Muslim, Christian, Parsi or Jew by religion, unless it is proved that any such person would not have been governed by the Hindu law or by any custom or usage as part of that law in respect of any of the matters dealt with herein if this Act had not been passed.

Source: The Hindu

 

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

 

2.  A fragile ark that shelters 2,626 creatures

 

·        In a first, the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has published an compendium of animal species in the Indian Sundarbans, estimating that there are 2,626 of them in the fragile island ecosystem. The listing includes a diverse 25 phyla, as they are biologically classified.

·        The Indian segment of the Sundarbans, part of a UNESCO World Heritage site, forms part of the Ganga-Brahmaputra delta across 9,630 sq. km, distributed among 104 islands.

·        The region hosts 2,487 species that come under the zoological kingdom of Animalia, and 140 under the more primitive Protista.

·        The publication titled Fauna of Sundarban Biosphere Reserve is the first consolidated and updated information of the faunal diversity of the Sundarbans. It lists over 2,600 species, including the new species described from the mangrove ecosystem as well as threats faced by them due to climate change.

·        The fortunes of 50 mammalian species including the Asian small-clawed Otter, Gangetic Dolphin, Grey and Marsh Mongoose and the wild Rhesus Monkey, the only primate here, are also documented.

·        There are 356 species of birds, the most spectacular being raptors, or birds of prey, that occupy the highest canopies of the forest.

 

Mangrove Forests

·        Trees which grow in areas with low-oxygen soil, where slow-moving waters allow fine sediments to accumulate.

·        Mangrove forests only grow at tropical and subtropical latitudes near the equator because they cannot withstand freezing temperatures.

·        The roots slow the movement of tidal waters, causing sediments to settle out of the water and build up the muddy bottom.

·        Mangrove forests stabilize the coastline, reducing erosion from storm surges, currents, waves, and tides.

Source: The Hindu

 

 

3.    R.s 5, R.s 100 Coins to mark MGR centenary

 

 

·        The government will issue Rs 100 and Rs 5 coins to commemorate the birth centenary of Bharat Ratna awardee and former Tamil Nadu Chief Minister late M G Ramachandran.

·        The coins will bear his portrait in the centre along with the inscription 'DR M G Ramachandran Birth Centenary' on the lower periphery. The same will also be in Devnagari script on the upper periphery.

·        The year '1917-2017' will be flanked below the portrait of Dr M G Ramachandran, said the notification issues in this regard.

·        On the obverse side, the coins will bear the Lion Capital of Ashoka Pillar in the centre with the inscription 'Satyamev Jayte'.

·        The Rs 100 and Rs 5 coins will weigh 35 grams and 6 grams, respectively.

·        The Rs 100 coin will be made of silver (50 per cent), copper (40 per cent), nickel (5 per cent) and zinc (5 per cent).

Source: The Hindu

 

SCHEME

 

4.  IIT Director unhappy with scrapping of new funding scheme

 

·        V. Ramgopal Rao, Director of the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, on Tuesday expressed disappointment that the ambitious Vishwajeet scheme of the Union government had become a non-starter.

·        The scheme, which entailed the provision of Rs. 1,250 crore to each of the top seven IITs over a period of five years to upgrade infrastructure, hire foreign faculty, and collaborate with foreign institutions to break into the top league in global rankings, has reportedly been shot down by the Finance Ministry.

·        None of the IITs are currently ranked in the world’s top 350, as per the 14th edition of the Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings.

·        Mr. Javadekar said the Higher Education Finance Agency (HEFA), the UchchatarAvishkar Yojana, and the Prime Minister's proposed scholarships of ?75,000 a month were schemes to be benefited from.

Source: The Hindu

 

FREEDOM FIGHTERS

 

5.  Bhagat Singh case back in court

 

·        A fresh petition has been filed in the Lahore High Court for the early hearing of a case to prove the innocence of legendary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh in the murder case of a British police officer, nineteen months after the court sought a larger bench to hear the plea.

 

·        The court has yet to form the larger bench.

·        Advocate Imtiaz Rashid Qureshi of Bhagat Singh Memorial Foundation on Sunday filed an application for early hearing of its petition.

·        A division bench of the Lahore High Court in February last had requested the chief justice to constitute a larger bench to hear the petition seeking reopening of the case of Bhagat Singh.

·        In the petition, Qureshi had said Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter and fought for independence of undivided India.

·        Bhagat Singh was hanged by British rulers on March 23, 1931 at the age of 23, after being tried under charges for hatching a conspiracy against the colonial government. The case was filed against Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru for allegedly killing British police officer John P Saunders.

·        Taking plea in his petition Advocate Qureshi said Bhagat Singh was initially jailed for life but later awarded death sentence in another "fabricated case".

·        He further said Bhagat Singh is respected even today in the subcontinent not only by Sikhs but also Muslims as the founder of Pakistan Muhammad Ali Jinnah twice paid tribute to him.

·        In 2014, Lahore police provided the copy of the original FIR of the killing of Saunders in 1928 to the petitioner on the court's order. Bhagat Singh's name was not mentioned in the First Information Report of the murder of Saunders for which he was handed down death sentence.

·        83 years after Singh's hanging, Lahore police (in 2014) searched through the record of the Anarkali police station on court's order and managed to find the FIR of the murder of Saunders.

Source: The Hindu

 






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